Taking inspiration from Mahatma Gandhi who spoke of developing villages in order to develop India, the Prime Minister has set a goal that by 2016, all parliamentarians must target to establish at least one Model village in his or her constituency, with the goal of improving the physical and institutional infrastructure in a holistic way that is centered on the village community.
The long term aim is that each of these villages will then inspire and serve as a model to other villages in the area. Once the model village is set up, the parliamentarians may then adopt more villages to be developed on a similar pattern.
Value Proposition of SAGY
Very rightly, SAGY aims to instill values in people that will form the basis for transformation of thought and lifestyle at the village level
The programme aims to focus on inclusiveness of all sections of the community and garner their support towards establishing common objectives of governance of their village. Its other objectives are:
Extending the 'Antyodaya' principle, enabling social and economic development of the poorest and weakest in society.
Guaranteeing social justice for all, while ensuring gender equality and respect to all women, Bringing back the spirit of community service through voluntary work, while ensuring dignity of labour for all
Making cleanliness a lifestyle and ensuring a right balance of developing the village in consonance with preserving the ecology.
Encouraging self-help and self-reliance, while fostering the spirit of mutual cooperation, social harmony and peace amongst all
Ensuring local self-governance that stands on principles of transparency, integrity and probity in public life.
Ensuring that all activities are carried out as per values and guidelines, as assured in the Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties of the Indian Constitution.
Objective of SAGY
The program aims to initiate and establish holistic processes of development of the Gram Panchayat, which will then serve as a basis and model to other Gram Panchayats to follow.
To significantly upgrade the standard and quality of life of all residing in the village by initiating steps to improve basic amenities, enhance human development, create livelihood opportunities while boosting productivity, enriching social capital while reducing disparities between various sections of society, ensuring access to rights & entitlement to all, by encouraging wider social inclusiveness and mobilization.
SAGY plans to develop locally inspired models of development based on self-governance that serves as a viable model for extension to other villages in the area. Each Adarsh Gram would serve as an example to train other Gram Panchayats on development models.
The approach to implementation of SAGY
The guiding principles for successful implementation will include leveraging the leadership and popularity of the Members of Parliament amongst the people in their respective constituencies, to guide and drive the programme.
Involving the people from all sections to contribute to various development programs initiated. To ensure that local involvement succeeds in bringing together various initiatives by the government and private agencies, in a planned and coordinated manner.
To build long term relationships based on cooperation and guidance from various academic & research agencies, voluntary organizations and co-operatives, while focusing on outcomes and sustainability of various initiatives.
Holistic approach to development under SAGY includes:
At the individual level, the programme seeks to bring about higher consciousness about personal health and hygiene, while maintaining cleanliness in the home and the area around the home. Imbibing a healthy lifestyle built around regular exercising and shunning of unhealthy habits such as alcohol, smoking, substance abuse etc.
the programme will ensure development of medical facilities and universal access to basic health amenities and regular medical examination, through issuance of medical cards.
Improving the nutritional status with special focus on pregnant women, lactating mothers, young girls and children,The medical programme to cover 100per cent immunization for all residents of the village, Focus on maintaining a balanced sex-ratio and ensuring access to facilities and special needs of persons with disability. Ensuring maximum enrolment and completion of schools through development of smart schools, which will have IT-enabled classrooms, e-library and provide web based teaching, using modern teaching aids and techniques.
Promote adult literacy programmes and inculcate the habit of reading by promoting e-literacy and making available e-libraries.
To develop a sense of ownership at the village level by encouraging voluntary participation in all development activity.
Public recognition by honoring elders, women, martyrs, freedom fighters etc, to establish role models for people to emulate
Educate and sensitize the youth towards a crime-free society and respect for women and elders. Encourage sports, cultural and social integration activities at the local level by involving all residents. Develop a 'Village Song' and celebrate one specific day each year as the 'Village Day' to instill a sense of pride and entity for the village.
Focus on integrating all weaker sections, schedule castes and backward classes into all activities.
Develop opportunities for generating livelihood by optimally utilising local resources to promote agriculture and allied activities that include livestock and horticulture.
Promote modern methods to boost agricultural output through use of soil testing, high yielding seeds, organic farming, and micro irrigation and crop intensification techniques. Setting up of agro-service centres, seed banks and issuance of soil health cards
Improve livestock management by establishing cattle hostel, Gobar Bank and veterinary services Promoting rural entrepreneurship opportunities in post-harvest applications, dairy development and processing, micro enterprises and traditional industries. Developing employment opportunities in village and eco-tourism
Setting up of skill development programmes for the youth.
Promoting better health and sanitation practices by encouraging use of toilets in homes and public places, Establishing soil and waste management facility by building bio-gas and composting units
Promoting planting of trees in homes and public areas, while developing social forestry. Reviving water bodies through better watershed management techniques and encouraging roof-top water harvesting in each home.
Creating awareness and impact of air, water and soil pollution, and means of controlling them,
Providing better Amenities and Services
Building of pucca houses for those without a home and also for those living in kuccha houses. Providing piped drinking water to all homes and building all-weather roads from inner lanes to the main road. Providing electricity to all households and encouraging the use of solar for both electricity and cooking purposes. Developing street lighting using solar power,
Building of pucca structures for public use buildings like the Gram Panchayat, school, Anganwadi, community hall, medical facilities, crematorium etc.
Setting up of public facilities like Micro Mini Banks, ATMs, PDS Outlets, Making available broadband services to all and providing access to common web-based services to all village residents.
This is an important objective with special focus on introducing a variety of social security programmes like the Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana and the Health insurance program-RSBY, to all eligible families. Pension schemes for the old & aged, widows, disabled and other eligible families along with access to PDS facilities for all,
The purpose is to strengthen the Gram Panchayat and Gram Sabha through use of e-governance to improve, information and time-bound monitoring of service delivery as per Department's Citizen Charter, attendance and performance monitoring of government and panchayat staff, and using technology for faster flow of welfare information of public interest.
The programme encourages holding of Mahila Gram Sabha before each Gram Sabha meeting. Each Gram Sabha to be held four times a year, while Bal Sabha to be held every quarter.
Bi-annual Social Audit of all programmes implemented by the Gram Sabha to be facilitated by the Social Audit Units under MNREGA.
Gram Panchayat to ensure all information related to activities, revenues & expenditure, etc to be displayed for public scrutiny through display on notice boards and the web; also releasing list of applicants and beneficiaries of any programmes.
Strengthening of the public grievance system by establishing an effective grievance registering and monitoring process with clear guidelines for status update and response to the applicant,
Use of Technology and Innovations
To facilitate successful programme monitoring and implementation, remote sensing based GIS technology will be used to map physical assets under each village.
The National Informatics Centre will be engaged to provide geo-tagging application tools for programme monitoring, using mobile technology.
To boost and monitor agro-based practices, the local Krishi Vigyan Kendra and the District ATMA will be engaged to provide all necessary inputs.
Institutions like the National Innovation Foundation and the Bank of Ideas and Innovation, established under the State Rural Livelihood Mission, will be tapped for providing all necessary information, training and support for improving opportunities for employment and livelihood at the local level.
Promotion of low cost building materials and housing technologies using latest innovations developed by IIT Delhi and Ministry of Rural Development.
Effective road building technologies will be taught by the National Roads Development Agency. Water management and supply, along with development of sanitation & waste management to be promoted using low cost locally developed technologies and made available through the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation,
The Ministry of Rural Development will coordinate with all relevant agencies to ensure a coordinated availability of information, training and resources at the Adarsh Gram level.
SAGY Outcome and Sustainability
The broad outcome of the programme is to create local opportunities for employment and livelihood generation, while reducing distress migration for employment. Complete freedom from bonded labour, child labour and manual scavenging.
Total registry of all births and deaths and ensuring a healthy male-female ratio. Promotion of social integration and harmony amongst all communities and ensuring social justice for all through locally managed fair and transparent grievance redressal mechanisms.
Establish a demonstration impact on other villages so that they too may emulate the model.
The success of SAGY depends not only on implementation of the programme but also its sustainability. To ensure this, MPs will be tasked to ensure continual monitoring of the programme and engage with local communities on a regular basis.
Establish a strong ownership of the programme by the Gram Panchayat and supported by all residents. Involving established private companies to build and operate larger assets like sewerage, waste management and water supply systems, while involving SHGs for managing smaller assets like bio-gas, vermicomposting facilities etc.
Establishing publicly visible clear guidelines and Standard Operating Procedures for implementation and monitoring of all programmes.
Identifying an Adarsh Gram
A village in plain areas with a population of 3000-5000 and 1000-3000 in hill and tribal areas, would be ideal for selection as an Adarsh Gram.
A Member of Parliament is free to choose his or her own village or his spouse's village, as an Adarsh Gram. Each MP must identify one village for initial development and may shortlist 2-3 more for subsequent inclusion under the program.
The objective is to have established at least three Adarsh Grams by 2019, with at least one by 2016. Thereafter, the target is to develop at least five Adarsh Grams at the rate of one per year till 2024.
Role and responsibility of each Member of Parliament
Identification of the Adarsh Gram and social mobilisation of members of that village through a series of engagement and inclusion initiatives.
Communicate the purpose and values of the schemes to all residents with clear benefits and goals defined. Include suggestions from local residents and define a roll out plan. Mobilise necessary resources through local contribution of time and resources and fill in the crucial gaps by utilising MPLADS fund, wherever necessary.
The MPs will have to periodically monitor the progress and step in to remove any roadblocks that may arise through community engagement, at all levels.
Ensure complete transparency in programme implementation and monitoring of outcomes & benefits, as also transparent redressal of all grievances.
Some of the prominent Members of Parliament to have announced selection of their respective Villages for development are:
Narendra Modi: Jayapur village in Varanasi district, U.P.
Rajnath Singh: Benti village, Lucknow district, U.P.
V K Singh: Mirpur Hindu village in Ghaziabad district. U.P.
Poonam Mahajan: Charoti village in Dahanu, Palghar district, Maharashtra
No fresh funding has been allocated for SAGY; it will be raised through voluntary contribution at the local level. Additional resources may be tapped from existing programmes like Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, MNREGA, Indira Awas Yojana, MPLADS fund, Centre and State Finance Commission Grants and CSR funds.
Current Status of SAGY
While the present government has initiated the steps towards the roll out, certain sections of the opposition have questioned the use of MPLADS fund for this programme as they are already being utilised under various schemes announced by the previous administration. The present government is in the process of engaging with members of the opposition to get their approval and involvement in the SAGY.
8. Ballia – The village that beat arsenic poisoning of water
Ballia is a village in Uttar Pradesh. This Indian village had a terrible problem. The drinking water that the villagers were drinking contained arsenic, which was the cause of serious skin problems and even many physical deformations. Arsenic is harmless but if it combines with oxygen or water, it turns toxic. Ironically, Ballia village faced this problem after the government introduced many hand-pumps in the area for easy water access. Realizing the problem, villagers acted on the problem without waiting for the government. They fixed all the old wells to get rid of the problem.
Sri Narendra Modi launched the initiative
Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
सांसद आदर्श ग्राम योजना
Date : 11th October 2014
Location : New Delhi, India
Organised by : Narendra Modi
PrimeMinister Government of India
Website : saanjhi.gov.in
10. Shani Shingnapur – An Indian village where houses have no doors.
Shani Shingnapur is a unique village located in the state of Maharashtra. Quoted as unique, because houses in this village have no doors. Not only this, there’s no police station in this village. It is considered as the safest village in India. Shani Shingnapur has also another interesting record. The village has the country’s first lock-less bank branch of UCO bank.
Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)
सांसद आदर्श ग्राम योजना
2. Asia’s Cleanest Village – Mawlynnong
Located 90 km away from Shillong, the capital of Meghalaya, Mawlynnong was declared as the Asia’s cleanest village in 2003 by Discover India Magazine. This small Indian village in the midst of hills has lot to offer to the nature lovers. The best part is that the villagers of Mawlynnong themselves clean the whole village. One can find dustbins almost in every corner of the village and not a single piece of plastic bag or even a cigarette butt could be found lying around.
7. Korkrebellur – A village that believes in the conservation of nature
Korkrebellur is a small village in Karnataka that believes in the conservation of nature. Villages generally have crops, for which most of the villages consider birds as nuisance, because they harm crops. But surprisingly Kokrebellur village has some of the rare species of birds visiting the village. Neither the birds and nor the people have ever disturbed each other. In fact, villagers have created a separate area for wounded birds to rest and heal.
9. Kathewadi – The village that has transformed itself into a model village.
Kathewadi is a small Indian village in the state of Maharashtra. Kathewadi is not at all different from any other small Indian villages. But now, Kathewadi has been transformed in to a model village, after it has been adopted by the Art of Living Foundation in Dec 2008.
This is the same village where once both rich and poor were addicted to alcohol. Surprisingly with the help of Art of Living, alcoholism plunged down to zero percentage. All the families in the village are associated with the Self Help Groups. They started a daan peti (donation box) scheme which in turn let them to setup and maintain a shop without a shopkeeper. The money saved from alcoholism, SHGs and the daan peti scheme gave them sufficient economic independence to build toilets for each of the 110 households.
70% alcoholism to 0% alcoholism, a shop with no shopkeeper, Zero toilets to 110 toilets, a paved road and that too without any external funding!! Well, Kathewadi has transformed its image in many aspects; but all with an intention to change for good.
IIT DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL OF INDIA
[INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL OF INDIA] Govt. of India Registered Trust, Works Related to Information Technology & HRD
अंतर्राष्ट्रीय सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी विकास परिषद, भारत
3. Punsari – The village with all the urban facilities
The Punsari village, located in Gujarat, a Indian village, which is providing its villagers much more than what even some urbanites can hope for. This village provides 24-hour Wi-Fi connectivity, CCTV cameras in the primary school, solar powered lamps, an independent bus service, clean drinking water at a nominal cost of Rs 4 for a 20-litre drinking water can and much more. The villagers even have accidental cover of Rs 1 lakh and a medi-claim cover of Rs 25,000. Well, their success story is simple – optimal utilization of government schemes.
1. The village of Millionaires – Hiware Bazar
Located in one the drought prone area, in the Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra, Hiware Bazar is an Indian village that has transformed its history by being possibly the richest village in India, with the record of 60 millionaires in the village and barely any poor. This fairy tale journey begins as soon as Popatrao Pawar was elected as the sarpanch of the village in 1990. He managed to ban all addictive substances to minimize expenses and encouraged the villagers to invest in rain-water harvesting and cattle farming. In comparison to monthly per capita income of Rs. 830 in 1995, it grew up to Rs. 30,000 till 2012, resulting in 60 millionaires in the village.
4. The village with a 100% literacy rate – Pothanikkad
Pothanikkad village, situated in Kerala is the first in the Indian village to achieve 100% literacy rate. St. Mary’s High School is the oldest high school in the village, from where many prominent people in the society have been educated. There were 17,563 residents in the village in 2011 and all are educated
5. Dharnai – The solar powered village of India
Dharnai, a village in Bihar, which is one of the poorest states in India, has developed its own solar-powered system for electricity, beating 30 years of darkness. With the help of Greenpeace India solar-powered micro-grid, this Indian village is now empowered with electricity. The solar micro-grid supplies the electricity for homes, street lighting for roads and lanes, and water pumps. Dharnai is the first Indian village where all aspects of life are powered by solar energy.
Top 10 ideal Indian villages, which are unique in their own way
India, a land of beautiful landscapes, is mainly an agriculture based economy. Thus, its growth depends very much on the villages. Nearly 65 percent of the Indian population lives in villages. The ‘Gaon’ with the green fields, clean air and clear blue sky always gives a nostalgic charm to any individuals.
But it is very unfortunate that villages which have so many things to offer are still very backward. Poverty, lack of education and lack of even the basic needs are waning away the charm of the villages. But, beating the odd, there are some Indian villages which have set a different level of milestone altogether. Following are 10 such ideal Indian villages which are unique and different.
6. An Indian village that distributes sweets when a girl is born – Chappar
This village in the state of Haryana has a woman sarpanch – Neelam. This woman sarpanch of Chappar village has made it her life’s mission to change the attitude of the villagers towards women and she succeeded. Now, whole village celebrates the birth of a girl child and distributes sweets. Not only this, the women of the village do not wear the ‘ghunghat’ any more.
Shri Ram Nath Kovind
Hon'ble Prime Minister
Shri Narendra Modi
preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India